Care of Pet Rabbits

Rabbits are popular companion animals and are offered for adoption at many animal shelters, but careful consideration of their needs is essential before bringing one into your home. Keep in mind that no pet should be adopted on impulse or offered as a gift without the caregiver’s full knowledge of what will be necessary for the animal’s well-being.

Do rabbits require special care?

Rabbits are a prey species and as such have different, often subtler, behavior patterns than dogs and cats. Greeting behaviors may be more subdued and expressions of pain or discomfort may be less obvious. Rabbits also have specific needs for a safe and fulfilling home environment that require time and commitment. Naturally, they require proper veterinary care and should be spayed or neutered at the appropriate age to diminish aggressive and territorial behaviors and urine spraying.

Pet rabbits should be safely housed indoors in a rabbit cage at least five times their size to provide plenty of room to move around. Wire cage floors should be covered with cardboard, and apellet fapellet brikett fabrikett cardboard box for hiding is also a good idea. The room where the rabbit will live also should offer privacy for the animal and a constant cool but comfortable temperature.

Rabbit food should consist of a diet of timothy grass hay for necessary fiber supplemented with green leafy vegetables and a quality timothy-based pellet feed–but avoid iceberg lettuce, tomatoes, and cabbage. An experienced veterinarian can provide more dietary advice. Fresh water is also essential.

Can rabbits be litter trained?

If allowed to choose, rabbits will usually eliminate in a specific dedicated location. This tendency can often easily be adapted to litter training. Choosing a safe and nontoxic litter material is the first step. Clay, clumping, or crystal cat litters are not appropriate for rabbits, and cedar shavings should also be avoided. Recycled paper products and compressed pine sawdust pellets make effective and safe litter material. Litter boxes should be cleaned often to encourage use. Initially, the box should be placed where the animal eliminates, and the rabbit should be kept in a small area until litter box habits are well established. Gradually more freedom can be given, but several litter box